Master's Theses

Date of Award

Fall 1993

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate the attitudes toward reading of Western Kansas students in grades 1-6. The sample consisted of 156 students; 93 girls and 63 boys. Forty-five students participated in the study group, and a control group consisted of 111 students. The independent variables were participation status, achievement in reading, gender, socio-economic class status, intelligence test scores, and grade placement. The dependent variables were scores from the scales of the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey (ERAS). These were: Attitudes Toward Recreational Reading, Attitudes Toward Academic Reading, and Total. Pretest scores from the scales of the ERAS were employed as covariant measures and included Attitudes Toward Recreational Reading, Attitudes Toward Academic Reading, and Total. Six composite null hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance. A total of 18 comparisons were made; 7 comparisons were significant. The significant findings included participation status, socio-economic class status, and grade level. The results of this study indicated that students who participated in a reading program had significantly higher positive attitudes toward reading than those who did not, high socio-economic class status students had significantly higher positive attitudes toward reading than low socio-economic class status students, and fifth and sixth grade students had significantly lower positive attitudes toward academic and total reading than students In grades 1-4. The researcher would make these recommendations if the study were to be replicated: 1. the study should be replicated with a larger random sample, 2. the study should be replicated in schools of varying sizes, 3. the study should be replicated using additional Independent variables, 4. the study should be replicated Including all grade levels and different organizational structures, and 5. the study should be replicated employing a different experimental design.

Rights

Copyright 1993 Navene N. Rains

Comments

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17 U.S. Code).

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