Master's Theses

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Date of Award

Spring 1973

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

Advisor

Harold S. Choguill

Abstract

Halogenated nitroparaffins reacted with nucleophilic reagents to give replacement and elimination of the halogen. 1-Chloro- and 1-bromo-1nitropropane gave replacement with iodide and elimination of HX with ethoxide and hydroxide. A rate study was made to determine order of reaction between the halogenated nitroparaffins and sodium ethoxide in absolute ethanol. The research confirmed that the probable reaction of sodium ethoxide with 1-Chloro-1-nitropropane in ethanol is a second order reaction with the rate of constant 2.73 x 10[-2] moles sec [-1] liter [-1]. The rate determining step is indicated with the halide and the hydrogen departing simultaneously, and with the proton being pulled off by a base. [Equation here]. The reaction of sodium ethoxide with 1-bromo-1-nitropropane in ethanol is also a second order reaction with the rate constant of 3.11 x 10[-2] moles sec [-1] liter [-1]. The rate determining step is indicated the same type as the above equation.

Rights

Copyright 1973 Kathy Lai

Comments

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17 U.S. Code).

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