Master's Theses



Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


This experiment investigated the effects of calisthenics as an appropriate technique to help reduce hyperactive behaviors, and increase seatwork productivity. A four year old male judged to be of average intelligence, and diagnosed as hyperactive served as the subject. In pre and post test baseline sessions the S worked on three different but related seatwork tasks, intermixed with play periods. In the experimental treatment sessions the play periods involved participation by the E and S in vigorous calisthenics. Hyperactive behaviors were measured by shifts in attention in all activities, and by sitting time during the work periods. Productivity was measured by the number of correct seatwork task completions. Two observers helped the f measure the behaviors and control for E bias. Sitting time in minutes and correct seatwork task completions both declined after the treatment variable was implemented. Shifts in attention did decrease in the experimental seatwork periods even though time in the sea t decreased also. Shifts in attention did not decrease in the play and calisthenic periods as an immediate function of treatment. In general, calisthenics as employed in this experiment did not decrease hyperactive behaviors.


Phyllis G. Tiffany

Date of Award

Summer 1973

Document Type

Thesis - campus only access


© 1973 Thomas C. Kelley


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