Master's Theses



Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


This study was designed to determine some of the relationships between types of tests (objective and essay), types of learning (facts and principles) and retention and transfer of information. The subjects were 60 students from Fort Hays Kansas State College. They were divided into two groups, one of which learned facts and the other group learned facts plus principles. They were given four tests immediately, an essay and an objective asking about facts and an objective and an essay about principles. A Test of Transfer was also given at this time. This same battery of tests was given two weeks later. The Test of Transfer was not given on the second testing. Lindquist’s Type VI design was used to analyze the data, intercorrelations among the tests were computed and a t-test was computed on the Test of Transfer. The results were discussed in terms of the characteristics of the two types of tests. The interaction of the analysis of variance (Analysis I) was interpreted to indicate that the essay discriminates against the Ss who learned principles more severely than did the objective when the tests were about facts. However, the delayed essay correlated highly with the Test of Transfer which indicated that the essay test was a good indicator of transfer.


Kenneth E. Smoot

Date of Award

Summer 1965

Document Type

Thesis - campus only access


© 1965 Merle Leon Canfield


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