Master's Theses

Date of Award

Summer 1963

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




Gary Evans


This study made comparisons of the methods of programed-text instruction, tutoring and lecturing in the classroom. A three by three factorial arrangement of treatments was used as an experimental design. One factor was the three methods of instruction, while the other factor consisted of three levels of learning ability. The three levels of learning ability were determined by the ACT scores of all S’s participating in the study. The results demonstrated that the method of tutoring was significantly better than the methods of programmed-text instruction and lecturing. There was no significant difference between the methods of programmed-text instruction and lecturing. The levels of learning ability were significantly linear in accordance with the three methods of instruction. No significant interaction between the methods of instruction and levels of learning ability was manifest. In the discussion, the possibilities of a biased criterion and uncontrolled motivational factors were discussed.


Copyright 1963 Richard Vernon Alumbaugh


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