Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Harry S. Truman’s foreign policy on Palestine was presented from his entry into the White House in April, 1945 to de facto recognition of the State of Israel in May, 1948. A chronological presentation of the materials found in the Truman Papers, Department of State Bulletins, United Nations records, and New York Times, was followed except to bring harmony of presentation on a particular point of view or incident. Truman had humanitarian motives in mind for the displaced Jews of Europe while public opinion and a desire for votes made it possible for implementing a Jewish Homeland. The Harrison report led Truman to request the British Government to bring about the immigration of 100,000 Jews into Palestine. In an attempt to find a just solution, Britain and the United States formed the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry to investigate the situation. Truman, led by American public opinion and Congress to help the Jews, moved further into the Zionist position. Britain then turned the problem over to the United States, and Truman moved to the support of public opinion and created the State of Israel. Thus Truman in an attempt to solve the European refugee problem created the State of Israel as a refuge for European Jews, as a bulwark against communism in the Near East, as an important strategic and economic state in the Near East favoring the West, and as an attempt to fill a vacuum created by the termination of the British Mandate, all at the expense of Arab-American friendship.
Copyright 1960 Edward Raymond Barels
Barels, Edward Raymond, "President Truman's Policy on Palestine a Study of Presidential Policy Which Led to De Facto Recognition of Israel" (1960). Master's Theses. 665.