Master's Theses

Date of Award

Summer 1953

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

Advisor

Dr. Harold S. Choguill

Abstract

Cyclohexane is obtained by the reduction of benzene with hydrogen over a nickel catalyst at about 200° C. This reaction is known as the Sabatier and Senderens reaction. The reduction of phenol with hydrogen at high pressure by the aid of a nickel catalyst gives an excellent yield of hexahydrophenol. This product is properly known as cyclohexanol because it is a secondary alcohol related to cyclohexane and does not belong to the class of phenols. The oxidation of cyclohexanol by the use of nitric acid yields cyclohexanone which may be further oxidized to adipic acid .Widespread industrial applications of the compounds cyclohexane, cyclohexanol, and their derivatives are solvents for rubber, lacquers, plasticizers, insecticides, and nylon intermediates. The freezing points, densities, and refractive indices are known for the individual compounds: cyclohexane, cyclohexanol, and cyclohexanone; however, information is lacking concerning the binary and ternary systems with cyclohexane, cyclohexanol, and cyclohexanone as components . Information furnished by this investigation will be useful in identifying and establishing their purity, and in quantitative analysis of their solutions . The purpose of this investigation is to contribute data concerning the system; cyclohexane, cyclohexanol, cyclohexanone and the relation to the fields of organic, physical, and analytical chemistry. A further purpose is to construct a solid prismatic freezing-point model of the system: cyclohexane , cyclohexanol, and cyclohexanone.

Rights

Copyright 1953 Max Earl Pickerill

Library Call Number

LD2652 .T5 C4 P52 1953

Comments

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17 U.S. Code).

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