Master's Theses

Document Type

Thesis

Date of Award

Fall 2020

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Psychology

Advisor

Jisook Park

Abstract

Numerous studies have indicated that adversity serves as a primary antecedent in the development of psychological resilience, however, adversity can have negative effects on psychological well-being. The current study focused on contributing to present literature by further investigating the roles of protective factors and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on resilience development, as well as the relationship between risk factors, resilience, and psychological well-being in adulthood. It was hypothesized that ACEs would predict the development of resilience when protective factors were high. It was also hypothesized that resilience positively influences the relationship between risk factors and psychological well-being by negating the direct negative effect of risk factors on psychological well-being. Participants in the study included adults between 25- and 71-years-old in the U.S. recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk). The survey included questions addressing demographic information, adverse childhood experiences, resilience, protective factors, perceived stress, and psychological well-being. A moderation and mediation analysis were used to analyze the hypotheses. The moderation hypothesis was not supported as no significant interaction was found between ACEs and protective factors in predicting resilience, however, the vital role of protective factors in developing resilience was found. A partial mediation was found between risk factors and psychological well-being. The results suggest that resilience plays a small role in negating the negative effects caused by risk factors.

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Copyright 2020 Paulyna Schulz


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