Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Health and Human Performance
The purpose of the investigation was to examine individuals who engage in exercise and recreation physical activity and (1) determine if a relationship existed between type of physical activity participation and selected personality traits and (2) to ascertain if a correlation was present in the measure of body esteem between the two physical activity types. Methods included discriminating the Big Five personality traits between two physical activity groups, 60 exercise participants and 26 recreation participants, and correlating the two physical activity groups with body esteem. Participants ranged from 18 to 30 years old. Participants self-reported their physical activity level, personality traits, and body esteem through survey tests. Grouping for exercise and recreation participants was measured by Physical Activity Profile, a questionnaire developed for this investigation in order to define physical activity into the two measured groups. Big Five personality traits of openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism for participants were measured using the Big Five inventory. The physical condition component of body esteem was measured by the Body Esteem Scale. All were self-reported measures. A General Linear Model Discriminant Analysis was utilized to measure significant differences between exercise and recreation participation and the Big Five personality traits. A Pearson Correlation was utilized to measure the significant difference in the relationship of exercise and recreation participation and physical condition body esteem. Results found that no significant difference at the 0.05 level was found in selected personality traits between the two groups of recreation and exercise and that no significant correlation was found in body esteem between the two groups of recreation and exercise. These results indicated that personality traits did not lend to a particular physical activity. Nor did body esteem levels relate to type of physical activity. Establishing physical activity grouping instrument further, sample population alterations, and experimental design were recommended for future study.
Copyright 2006 Amy A. Hoffsommer-Cluthe
Hoffsommer-Cluthe, Amy A., "The Influence of Personality Traits with Physical Activity Participation and Body Esteem" (2006). Master's Theses. 2986.