Master's Theses

Date of Award

Summer 1997

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate Attitudes Toward Alcohol and Knowledge of Alcohol in students in grades 7 and 8. The following independent variables were investigated: Perceived Peer Attitude Toward Alcohol, Perceived Parental Attitude Toward Alcohol, Knowledge of Alcohol, grade placement, and gender. The dependent variable was scores from the Attitude Toward Alcohol questionnaire. The sample consisted of 112 students. Six composite null hypotheses were tested employing a three-way analysis of variance (general linear model) at the .0500 level. A total of 22 comparisons were made plus 20 recurring. Of the 22 comparisons 6 were for main effects and 16 were for interactions. Of the 6 main effects 3 were statistically significant at the .0500 level. The following main effects were statistically significant. 1) the independent variable Perceived Peer Attitude Toward Alcohol and the dependent variable Attitude Toward Alcohol. 2) the independent variable Perceived Parental Attitude Toward Alcohol and the dependent variable Attitude Toward Alcohol, and 3) the independent variable gender and the dependent variable Attitude Toward Alcohol. Or the 16 interactions 3 were statistically significant at the .0500 level. The following interactions were statistically significant: 1) the independent variables Perceived Peer Attitude Toward Alcohol and Perceived Parental Attitude Toward Alcohol for the dependent variable Attitude Toward Alcohol. 2) the independent variable Perceived Parental Attitude Toward Alcohol and Knowledge of Alcohol for the dependent variable Attitude Toward Alcohol, and 3) the independent variables gender, and Knowledge of Alcohol for the dependent variable Attitude Toward Alcohol. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1) Perceived Peer Attitude Toward Alcohol and Perceived Parental Attitude Toward Alcohol should be interpreted concurrently for Attitude Toward Alcohol. 2) Perceived Parental Attitude Toward Alcohol and Knowledge of Alcohol should be interpreted concurrently for Attitude toward Alcohol, and 3) gender and Knowledge of Alcohol should be interpreted concurrently for Attitude Toward Alcohol.

Rights

Copyright 1997 Kathleen A. Hoffman

Comments

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