Master's Theses

Date of Award

Summer 1996

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate parental attitudes toward raising children. The following independent variables were investigated: gender of the parent, age of the parent, number of children, ages of children, and marital status of the parent. The dependent variables were the scores obtained from the following subscales of the Parental Attitudes toward Child Rearing Questionnaire: Warmth, Encouragement of Independence, Strictness, and Aggravation. The sample consisted of 65 usable copies of the questionnaire. Five composite null hypotheses were tested, employing a three-way analysis of variance (general linear model). A total of 64 comparisons were made plus 60 recurring. Of the 64 comparisons, 20 were for main effects and 44 were for interactions. Of the 20 main effects, 4 were statistically significant at the .05 level. Of the 44 interactions, 6 were statistically significant at the .05 level. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. Males are stricter than females, 2. Parents not married give more importance to Encouragement of Independence, 3. Gender of parents and age of parents should be interpreted simultaneously for Warmth, 4. Gender of parents and number of children should be interpreted simultaneously for Warmth, 5. Age of parents and marital status should be interpreted simultaneously for Strictness, 6. Age of children and marital status should be interpreted simultaneously for Strictness, 7. Age of children and marital status should be interpreted simultaneously for Aggravation, 8. Gender of parents and marital status should be interpreted simultaneously for Warmth, 9. Parents’ attitudes toward Warmth and Encouragement of Independence are positive, and 10. Parents’ attitudes toward Strictness and Aggravation are neither positive nor negative.

Rights

Copyright 1996 Karen E. Bahn

Comments

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