Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
The purpose of the researcher was to investigate Attitudes Toward Alcohol and Use of Alcohol of students in three southwest Kansas high schools. The following independent variables were investigated: Perceived Peer Attitude Toward Alcohol, Perceived Parental Attitude Toward Alcohol, gender, Knowledge of Alcohol, grade placement, community, and self-esteem. The dependent variables were scores from the Attitude Toward Alcohol and Use of Alcohol subscales of an alcohol questionnaire. Six composite null hypotheses and one null hypothesis were tested at the .05 level of significance. The sample consisted of 286 students grades nine and eleven. For the six composite null hypotheses, a status survey factorial design was employed using a three-way analysis of variance (general linear model), and the null hypothesis was tested employing a t-test for a correlation coefficient. A total of 47 comparisons were made, plus 38 reoccurring. Of the 47 comparisons 13 were for main effects and 34 for interactions. Of the 13 main effects 5 were statistically significant at the .05 level. Of the 34 interactions 2 were statistically significant at the .05 level. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. male students have a more positive Attitude Toward Alcohol than female students; 2. residence (community) is associated with Attitude Toward Alcohol; 3. grade placement and community should be interpreted concurrently for Use of Alcohol; and 4. self-esteem, grade placement, and community should be interpreted concurrently for Use of Alcohol.
Copyright 1995 Robert Reed
Reed, Robert, "High School Students' Attitudes Toward and Use of Alcohol" (1995). Master's Theses. 2532.