Master's Theses

Date of Award

Summer 1995

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate occupational sex-role stereotyping in sixth grade students. The independent variables were: gender, socioeconomic status of the parents, mother's employment outside the home, mother's level of education, father's level of education, family structure, and nationality. The dependent variable was scores from the Occupational Sex-Role Stereotyping questionnaire. The sample consisted of 191 sixth grade students, 95 males and 96 females. Six composite null hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance. Each composite null hypothesis was tested employing three-way analysis of variance (general linear model). A total of 25 comparisons plus 18 recurring were made. Of the 25 comparisons, 7 were f or main effects and 18 were for interactions. Of the 7 main effects, 3 were statistically significant at the .05 level. The following main effects were statistically significant: 1. the main effect socioeconomic status of parents, 2. the main effect gender, and 3. the main effect nationality. The results indicated the following for main effects: 1. students who received free lunches reported statistically more occupational sex - role stereotyping than students who paid reduced prices for lunches, and those who paid full prices for lunches had the least occupational sex-role stereotyping, 2. male students reported statistically more occupational sex-role stereotyping than female students, and 3. Hispanic students reported statistically more occupational sex- role stereotyping than those classified as other. None of the 18 interactions was statistically significant at the .05 level. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: (1) students who received free lunches have more occupational sex-role stereotyping than those who pay reduced prices for lunches, and those who pay full prices for lunches have the least occupational sex-role stereotyping, (2) male students have more occupational sex-role stereotyping than female students, (3) Hispanic students have more occupational sex - role stereotyping than students classified as other (Asian, Black, and Native American), (4) no association between status of mother's employment outside the home and occupational sex- role stereotyping, (5) no association between mother's level of education and occupational sex- role stereotyping , (6) no association between father's level of education and occupational sex-role stereotyping, and (7) no association between family structure and occupational sex-role stereotyping.

Rights

Copyright 1995 Brenda K. Morgison

Comments

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