Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among self-esteem, maternal employment, anxiety, family happiness, family structure, gender, and grade level. The independent variables were maternal employment, anxiety, family happiness, family structure, gender and grade level. The dependent variable was the scores from the Personal Attribute Inventory for Children. The sample consisted of 210 students fourth through sixth grade students from 4 small schools in Western Kansas. Six composite null hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance using three-way analysis of variance (general linear model). A total of 23 comparisons were made plus 19 recurring. Of the 23 comparisons, 6 were for main effects. Of the 6 main effects, 4 were statistically significant at the .05 level. The following main effects were statistically significant: 1) family happiness and self-esteem, 2) anxiety and self-esteem, 3) gender and self-esteem, and 4) grade level and self-esteem. Of the 23 comparisons, 17 were for interactions. None of the 17 interactions were statistically significant at the .05 level. The results of the present study appear to support the following generalizations: 1) an association between family happiness and self-esteem, 2) an association between anxiety and self-esteem, 3) an association between gender and self-esteem, 4) an association between grade level and self-esteem, 5) no association between family structure and self-esteem, and 6) no association between maternal employment and self-esteem.
Copyright 1994 Mary York
York, Mary, "Self-Esteem of Children in Fourth Through Sixth Grades With Working and Non-Working Mothers" (1994). Master's Theses. 2495.