Master's Theses

Date of Award

Fall 1994

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate college students' perceptions of cultural environment in residence halls. The five independent variables investigated were citizenship, gender, classification, number of friends of different cultures, and length of time international students in the U.S. The six dependent variables were Perception of Hall Environment, Perception of Peers, Perception of Staff, Perception of Hall Government, Perception of Campus Environment, and Total Score. The total sample size was 182 college students which included 88 females and 94 males. Five composite null hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance employing a threeway analysis of variance (general linear model). A total of 126 comparisons were made plus 84 recurring. Of the comparisons made, 42 were for main effects and 84 were for interactions. Of the 42 main effects, 20 were statistically significant at the .05 level. Of the 84 interactions, five were statistically significant at the .05 level. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. Freshman and sophomore students have more positive opinions of hall environment, peers, hall government, campus environment, and total than junior, senior and graduate students; 2. females have more positive opinions of staff than males; 3. females have more positive opinions of hall government than males; 4. international students who had been in the U.S. 2 years or less have more positive opinions of peers than those who had been in the U.S. for 3 years or more; 5. gender and classification should be examined simultaneously for the Perception of Hall Environment; 6. citizenship and gender should be examined simultaneously for the Perception of Staff; 7. citizenship and classification should be examined simultaneously for the Perception of Staff; 8. gender and classification should be examined simultaneously for the Perception of Staff; and 9. gender and classification of international students should be examined simultaneously for the Perception of Staff.

Rights

Copyright 1994 Zheng F. Yang

Comments

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