Master's Theses

Date of Award

Summer 1992

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate factors associated with attitudes toward the use of tobacco of 4th, 5th, and 6th grade students. The independent variables investigated were age, grade level, gender, community, perceived parental attitude toward tobacco, perceived peer attitude toward tobacco, knowledge of tobacco, tobacco use A (based upon scores from section 6 Tobacco Use of the Tobacco Attitude Questionnaire, 2 levels, high and low use, determined post hoc), and tobacco use B (4 levels, no use, parents, friends, and students use, determined post hoc). The dependent variable was Tobacco Attitude Questionnaire scores of 4th, 5th, and 6th grade students. The sample size of this study was comprised of 124 participants. Nine composite null hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance employing a three-way analysis of variance (general linear model). A total of 32 comparisons plus 30 recurring were made. Of the 32 comparisons, 9 were for main effects and 23 were for interactions. Of the 9 main effects, 4 were statistically significant at the .05 level. The following main effects were statistically significant: community, perceived parental attitude toward tobacco, perceived peer attitude toward tobacco, and tobacco use A. Of the 23 interactions, 6 were statistically significant at the .05 level. The following interactions were statistically significant: 1. Age and gender; 2. Grade level and community; 3. Grade level, gender, and community; 4. Perceived parental attitude toward tobacco and perceived peer attitude toward tobacco; 5. Knowledge of tobacco and tobacco use A; and 6. Perceived peer attitude toward tobacco, knowledge of tobacco, and tobacco use A. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. The variable age should be examined concurrently with the variable gender because the two interact; 2. The variable grade level should be examined concurrently with the variables gender and community because the three interact; 3. The variable perceived parental attitude toward tobacco should be examined concurrently with the variable perceived peer attitude toward tobacco because the two interact; 4. The variable perceived peer attitude toward tobacco should be examined concurrently with the variables knowledge of tobacco and tobacco use A because the three interact; and 5. Tobacco use B and attitude of 4th, 5th, and 6th grade students toward the use of tobacco are not significantly associated.

Rights

Copyright 1992 David L. Goodwin

Comments

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17 U.S. Code).

Off Campus FHSU Users Click Here

Share

COinS