Date of Award
Education Specialist (Ed.S)
Advanced Education Programs
The purpose of the researcher was to investigate the perceptions of elementary school principals, elementary school teachers, and parents of sixth graders concerning the role and function of the elementary school counselor. A list of Kansas high schools with corresponding classifications was obtained from the Kansas State High School Activities Association Membership Directory (1990-1991). Schools in each of the 1A, 2A, and 3A divisions were assigned separate numbers by the researcher. A table of random numbers was used to obtain a stratified random selection of schools for participation within each division. Twenty schools were selected randomly from each division. The subjects for this study consisted of all who completed and returned questionnaires. Forty-one questionnaires were returned by elementary school principals, 126 questionnaires were returned by elementary school teachers, and 127 questionnaires were returned by parents. School districts in the survey were randomly identified. The principal was responsible for selecting the teachers and parents who participated in the study. A total of 420 questionnaires were mailed, 297 returned, giving a 71% sample size. The independent variables investigated were gender, size of district, position, and highest degree earned. The dependent variables investigated were scores from the following scales of the questionnaire: appraisal, program development, educational and occupational planning, referral, parent help, staff consulting, research, public relations, school relations, and composite. Four composite null hypotheses were tested. A total of 154 comparisons (plus 154 recurring) comparisons were made. Of the 154 comparisons 44 were for main effects and 110 for interactions. Of the 44 main effects 31 were statistically significant at the .05 level. Of the 110 interactions 6 were statistically significant at the .05 level. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: (1) Administrators rated counselor roles and functions higher than teachers and parents, (2) Administrators, teachers, and parents from larger districts tended to rate counselor roles and functions higher than those from the smallest district, (3) Administrators, teachers, and parents with more formal education rated all roles and functions except research higher than those with less formal education, and (4) Females rated educational and occupational planning and composite higher than males.
Copyright 1991 Larry L. Bernard
Bernard, Larry L., "The Role and Function of the Elementary School Counselor" (1991). Master's Theses. 2264.