Master's Theses

Date of Award

Spring 1990

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate sex-role, gender, age, family structure, and self-esteem. Four independent variables were utilized: sex-role, gender, age, and family structure. The dependent variables were self-esteem scores from the Texas Social Behavior Inventory including three subscales (dominance, confidence, and social withdrawal) and total score. Three instruments were used: a demographic data sheet constructed by the researcher, the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), and the Texas Social Behavior Inventory (TSBI). The sample consisted of 133 subjects, 43 males and 90 females, from a university in the Midwest. A status survey design was employed with predetermined and post hoc groupings. Four composite null hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance. A three-way analysis of variance procedure was employed. A total of 56 comparisons and 56 variance procedure were employed. Of the 56 comparisons 6 were statistically significant at the .05 level; four were for main effects and two for interactions. The results of the present research appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. Androgynous and masculine individuals displayed higher self-esteem than feminine and undifferentiated individuals for the dependent variable Texas Social Behavior Inventory: Total; 2. Androgynous and masculine individuals displayed higher self-esteem than feminine and undifferentiated individuals for the dependent variable Texas Social Behavior Inventory: Dominance; 3. Individuals from nontraditional families displayed higher self-esteem than the individuals from traditional families for the dependent variable Texas Social Behavior Inventory: Total; 4. Gender and sex-role orientation had an interaction for the dependent variable Texas Social Behavior Inventory: Confidence; 5. Age and sex-role orientation had an interaction for the dependent variable Texas Social Behavior Inventory: Dominance.

Rights

Copyright 1990 Marla J. Barnt

Comments

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17 U.S. Code).

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