Master's Theses


Social Work

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


A status survey design with mixed groups was employed to investigate the effects of the positive Action self-concept program on the self-esteem of fourth, fifth, and sixth graders. The Positive Action group had been exposed to the self-concept enhancement program by the classroom teachers as a part of the curriculum. Students had had the instruction for a period of one to four years, depending on the number of years of attendance at that particular school. The control group had had no exposure to the program. The independent variables investigated were participation or nonparticipation in the program, grade placement, length of time in the program, reading level and gender. The dependent variables were general self, social self-peers, home-parents, school-academic and total self scores, all of which are components of the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Data analysis consisted of testing four null hypotheses. The hypotheses were tested employing a one-way analysis of covariance, a one -way analysis of variance and a three-way analysis of variance. A total of 65 comparisons were made, 3 of which were found to be statistically significant. The results of this study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. fourth grade students who experienced the Positive Action program had lower self-esteem than those who had not experienced the program; 2. sixth-grade students who experienced the positive Action program had lower self- esteem concerning school than those who had not had the program; 3. girls had a higher self-esteem during the first two years of participation in the positive Action program but as the program progressed, boys increased in self-esteem and after three years participation had a higher self-esteem than girls.


Bill Daley

Date of Award

Summer 1989

Document Type

Thesis - campus only access


© 1989 Kay M. Logan


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