Master's Theses


Health and Human Performance

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Aerobic dance and aqua exercise are rapidly gaining popularity, with aqua exercise now being recognized as a legitimate training modality. However, the effects of aqua exercise programs on various physiological parameters have not been well investigated. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to compare the effects of 12-week program of aerobic dance and aqua exercise on percent fat using college age females (18 to 27 years). The type of exercise served as the independent variable, while percent fat served as the dependent variable. The subject’s consisted of 24 volunteers enrolled in either aerobic dance or aqua exercise classes, or a class containing no aerobic activity. A non-randomized control group pretest/posttest design was employed by the researcher, using the measures of central tendency and variability, and an analysis of covariance for analysis of the data. A hydrostatic weighing protocol was used in collecting the percent fat scores. The researcher’s reliability with the testing protocol was established during the pilot study. The following exercise prescription was outlined for use in each activity class: frequency: 3 days/week; intensity: 70% to 85% of their maximal heart rate; and a duration of 40 to 50 minutes/day. Heart rate was monitored using palpation for six seconds and multiplied by ten. The data collected indicated a significant difference existed within the model. A Scheffe post hoc analysis revealed significance in the ad-group. Therefore, this null hypothesis was rejected. There was no significant difference in posttest scores for either the aqua exercise group and the aerobic dance group or between the aqua exercise group and the control group in their ability to reduce percent fat. Therefore, these null hypotheses were accepted.


Mark Giese

Date of Award

Summer 1987

Document Type

Thesis - campus only access


© 1987 Shelly Dowling


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