Master's Theses

Date of Award

Fall 1975

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Psychology

Advisor

Robert Markley

Abstract

The primary purpose of this study was to identify one of the many nonspecific factors that has not been controlled for when assessment of the problem behavior of smoking takes place. Anxiety, situationally defined, was that factor. The concept of anxiety was chosen because its relationship to cigarette smoking has been largely ignored. The S-R Inventory of Anxiousness was the measuring device used to measure anxiety in smokers, nonsmokers, and quitters. The secondary purpose of this study was to test the generalizability of this instrument and the proportion of variance each dimension of the scale contributes to the total variance. This study tested the hypotheses: (a) smoker’s scores would be higher than nonsmoker’s, (b) quitters scores would be higher than smoker’s, (c) the mode of anxiety response would contribute more to the total variance than other variables, (d) the triple interaction of subjects by situations by mode of response would contribute most to the total variance, and (e) there would be a positive correlation between the desire to smoke and the amount of anxiety. The results supported all of the hypotheses except (b). Implications of the results for the understanding of personality variables and for the remediation of smoking problems were discussed.

Rights

Copyright 1975 Glenn C. Derrick

Comments

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