Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Dr. Patrick F. Drinan
The idea of entrusting the settlement of international disputes to an impartial authority which would render a decision on the basis of law is a very old idea. Examples are to be found in ancient Greece, but the modern development of international arbitration dates from the Hay Treaty of 1784, between Great Britain and the United States, which provided for the establishment of mixed commissions for the settlement of a number of disputes existing between the two countries. These commissions were composed of an equal number of members appointed by each of the parties and presided over by an umpire. During the nineteenth century, a movement in favor of arbitration gathered momentum. An important stage in this development was marked by the Alabama arbitration between the United States and Great Britain in 1872. In the years that followed other international disputes were settled by arbitration.
Copyright 1973 June Kaye Wittig
Wittig, June Kaye, "Soviet Views of the International Court of Justice" (1973). Master's Theses. 1480.