Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Ronald G. Smith
This study examined the effects of two levels of Need Approval, two methods of test administration, and their interaction on the social desirability response set when psychiatric patient Ss were administered the Mini-Mult. 26 High- and 26 Low- Need Approval Ss were selected from a psychiatric hospital patient population according to their performance on the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. 13 Ss from each Need Approval S group were administered the Mini-Mult by a college student, with instructions that he is to read and answer the test questions himself. The other 13 Ss in each Need Approval S group were administered the Mini-Mult orally, by a staff psychologist. The purpose was to demonstrate that demand conditions of the test-taking situation could influence test responding through their influence on response sets. The effects of treatment and S variables were measured in terms of two dependent variables reflecting the degree of socially desirable responsiveness to test items. It was found that High Need Approval Ss showed stronger social favorability responding than did Low Need Approval Ss. However, High Need Approval Ss failed to evidence stronger social desirability responding under psychologist - administered than under student - administered conditions.
Copyright 1973 Robert Dennis Mitchell
Mitchell, Robert Dennis, "The Effects of Need Approval and Methods of Mini-Mult Administration on the Social Desirability Response Set" (1973). Master's Theses. 1469.