The single most important factor for success in javelin throwing is the velocity at release. Indeed, a javelin thrower who has the capacity (conditioning) to produce higher velocities will eventually be able to put together a long throw. On the other hand, if that capacity is lacking, a long throw will be impossible to achieve. Therefore, the evaluation of the maximum release velocity is probably the best way to assess the maximum throwing potential of a javelin thrower for the near future. However, we should not expect that a high speed alone would result in a long throw. In cases where the javelin thrower is able to generate high release velocities that do not result in (the expected) long throws, this may be an indication that the thrower should spend some time in improving the essential dynamics of the execution of the throw. Those dynamics as a whole also describe what has been called the finesse in javelin throwing.
Techniques for Track and Field & Cross Country
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Maheras, A. (2010). Finesse in Javelin Throwing. Techniques for Track and Field & Cross Country, 4 (2), 34-40.