Master's Theses

Date of Award

Summer 1989

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Social Work

Advisor

Bill Daley

Abstract

The purpose of the researcher was to investigate fears and self-esteem of elementary school children. The independent variables investigated were fear, gender, and grade placement. The dependent variables were scores from the school form of the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (CSEI) and self-reported ratings of fear from the Fear Inventory for Children (FIC). The sample consisted of 200 children from grades 2-6. For composite null hypothesis number one, a 3 x 4 x 4 factorial design (three-way analysis of variance) was employed for 5 dependent variables. For composite null hypothesis two, a 2 x 5 factorial design (two-way analysis of variance) was employed for 11 dependent variables. A total of 68 comparisons were made and 24 were statistically significant at the .05 level. All 24 significant comparisons were for fear. The results of the present study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. No associations were found between fear and any dimension of self-esteem; 2. No associations were found between gender and any dimension of self-esteem; 3. No associations were found between grade placement and any dimension of self-esteem; 4. Girls reported more fear than boys in all group comparisons; 5. Fifth and sixth grade boys reported numerically more fear than girls for supernatural fear; 6. Sixth grade boys reported numerically more fear than girls for home related fears; 7. Fourth graders reported more fear than students in other grade levels ; and 8. Sixth and second graders reported less fear than students in other grade levels.

Rights

Copyright 1989 Karna Wieck

Comments

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