What makes an executive effective? Are effective executives born with some unique abilities and skills? Or do they learn and practice some special strategies that make them superior? This paper explores whether effective executives are born or made, and analyzes some leadership studies done over the years. Also, it suggests an integrative model of effective leadership that organizations may use to develop and enhance better leaders and that individuals may use to improve their organizational leadership.
"Leadership Effectiveness: A "New" Integrative Leadership Model,"
Journal of Business & Leadership: Research, Practice, and Teaching (2005-2012): Vol. 2
, Article 11.
Available at: https://scholars.fhsu.edu/jbl/vol2/iss1/11