Chemistry Faculty Publications
 

Source Publication

Geophysical Research Letters

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2001

Volume

28

Issue

22

First Page

4195

Last Page

4198

DOI

10.1029/2001GL013466

Abstract

Measurements of peroxycarboxylic nitric anhydrides (PANs) made in Houston, Texas during TexAQS (Texas Air Quality Study) 2000 showed a relatively abundant PAN compound that had not been identified in previous studies in North America [cf. Williams et al., 2000]. This compound was hypothesized to be peroxyacrylic nitric anhydride { CH2=CHC(O)OONO2, APAN} based on the work of Tanimoto and Akimoto, [2001]. APAN was synthesized and characterized on one of the two GC systems used to make those measurements, subsequent to the TexAQS 2000 field study, confirming that APAN was observed during TexAQS 2000, both on the ground and in airborne measurements. Mixing ratios of APAN were estimated from the response of the system to PAN and PPN and ranged up to 502 pptv, which was 30% of PAN. High APAN values were associated with the precursor species 1,3-butadiene and acrolein, which had local petrochemical sources. The presence of APAN at these unprecedented levels demonstrates the impact of these reactive VOC species, and may have associated health effects.

Comments

This article was originally published in Geophysical Research Letters.

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