Academic Leadership Journal


Timothy Clapper


One only has to reflect on what it took them to learn and master an activity and a few things may come to mind. Perhaps the activity was learning Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), and if so, the process for learning the task, really learning it, involved making many associations with the task. In line with constructivism, the instructor likely began the course by transferring-in what the learner knew about cardiac arrest or mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. As a learner, this may have caused one to reflect on a real or televised event that included chest compressions and rescue breathing. For the teacher who began the lesson by assisting the learner with bringing in the information into the learning environment, the stage has been set for learning to occur. This is because, also in line with constructivism, we tend to build upon what we have learned.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.