In Academically Adrift, Richard Arum and Josipa Roska ask a simple question: how much do students learn in the United States’ four-year colleges and universities? They suggest that the answer is “not much” (p. 34). In their study, forty-five percent of students showed no significant gain in “critical thinking, complex reasoning, and writing skills” (p. 36) during their first two years in college. After surveying course requirements and students’ study habits, the authors are not surprised by their findings.
"Review of Richard Arum's Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on Callege Campuses,"
Teacher-Scholar: The Journal of the State Comprehensive University: Vol. 3:
1, Article 7.
Available at: https://scholars.fhsu.edu/ts/vol3/iss1/7