Climate variability affects countries, regions, communities, and individuals for extended periods of time--- in most cases the climate in question has been varying for many centuries. In the southern region of Africa, climate variability has become commonplace (Morton, 2007). With fluctuating amounts of precipitation, from droughts to floods, the livelihoods of farmers and small-share agriculturists are challenged each season due to lack of knowledge and unpredictability. Low yields lead to higher prices within markets, effecting all growers and consumers within the region. Lack of information and understanding both on the scientific and civilian sides of climate variability leads to hardships both ecologically and economically. South Africa, Kenya, and Lesotho have been noted as countries with the most variable climates. These countries are reliant on subsistence farming and agriculture, meaning that most of their food resources are attained from what farmers are able to produce with the available resources. This work discusses how climate variability effects crop growth in three unique areas of Africa.
Oshel, Shelby and Sumrall, Jeanne, "The Effects of Climate on South African Livelihoods" (2020). 2020 SACAD Entrants. 66.