Prebiotic and Probiotic Influence on Beef Calves Immunity

Robert Keener, Fort Hays State University
Yasuhiro Kobayashi, Fort Hays State University
Mike Stoppel, Fort Hays State University
Mariah Beikman, Fort Hays State University
Shaylee Flax, Fort Hays State University
Brittany Starkey, Fort Hays State University

Description

Statistical trends existed for differences in IgG levels between treatment groups. Despite the trends, all IgG were in a physiologically normal range. When comparing the combination of prebiotic and probiotic to the other additives, as seen in Table 1, Figures 3, and 4 the control ration provided a higher IgG concentration. Future experiments should include additional replications. It is possible that the expected outcome was not achieved due to influence affiliated with calf age, vaccination history, and environmental effects.

 

Prebiotic and Probiotic Influence on Beef Calves Immunity

Statistical trends existed for differences in IgG levels between treatment groups. Despite the trends, all IgG were in a physiologically normal range. When comparing the combination of prebiotic and probiotic to the other additives, as seen in Table 1, Figures 3, and 4 the control ration provided a higher IgG concentration. Future experiments should include additional replications. It is possible that the expected outcome was not achieved due to influence affiliated with calf age, vaccination history, and environmental effects.