Master of Liberal Studies Research Papers

Date of Award


Document Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Liberal Studies (MLS)


This paper will show how the fight to end segregation in public schools that marked the beginning of the modern civil rights movement had its roots in the small Clarendon County town of Summerton, South Carolina, and was spearheaded by the courageous efforts of the Reverend Joseph Armstrong J. A. DeLaine see picture #1. It argues that the movement does not date from 1954 when the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that separate was not equal in the Brown v. Board of Education case but dates from 1947 when African-American parents in Clarendon County, South Carolina, asked for a school bus to transport their children to and from school see Table 1. The paper is organized in three parts.


Copyright 2010 Sylvia B. Cumbie


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