The usual Shewhart control chart efficiently detects large shifts in the mean of a quality characteristic and has been extensively studied in the literature. Most proposed alternatives to the Shewhart chart aim to improve either the signal performance for smaller mean shifts or reduce the sampling effort required to detect a larger shift. Measurement error has been shown in the literature to result in reduced power to detect process shifts. The combination of multiple measurements and two-stage sampling is considered here as a strategy for both regaining power lost due to measurement error and specifically tuning the charts for shifts of a particular size. It is shown that both the average total sample size and the average run length are improved relative to the standard Shewhart control chart under the same measurement error conditions. Chart designs are recommended to achieve particular control objectives.
Linna, Kenneth W.
"Improving Shewhart Control Chart Performance in the Presence of Measurement Error Using Multiple Measurements and Two-Stage Sampling,"
Journal of International & Interdisciplinary Business Research: Vol. 5
, Article 10.
Available at: https://scholars.fhsu.edu/jiibr/vol5/iss1/10