Academic Leadership: The Online Journal


Nowadays, the necessity of continuous and permanent attendance of standard is felt in various fields of human life in general and in training and education field in particular because that standard is a ground for similar performance and an indicator for identifying the rate of individuals’ success in designated works. (Nilly Ahamad Abadi, 2003). Generally, one can study human resource standards in three aspects of knowledge, function and behavior. Knowledge standards consist of the knowledge expected to be possessed by the individuals. In fact, they define scientific issues that should be learned by individuals. Performance standards consist of a qualitative performance shown by the individual in order to perform his/her duties and to provide expected services (Rahimi, 2003). Behavioral standards belonged to individual’s values, beliefs and habits which can be derived from both scientific and performance aspects.