Grade inflation has been a “hot topic” in the higher education literature for some time now, due primarily to conflicting interpretations of grade-change data. While definitions of grade inflation vary, most seem to indicate that inflation has occurred if a higher grade is awarded without a co-occurring increase in student achievement, and is the outcome of decreased rigor in the assessment of student learning (see Boretz 2004; Young and ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education 2003). Thus, the controversy is in regard to whether or not reported changes in GPA and grade distributions reflect instructor leniency.
Devine, Jessica and Alger, Gary
"Teachers’ Perceptions of the Leadership Styles of Middle School Principals and Instructional Leaders,"
Academic Leadership Journal: Vol. 9
, Article 13.
Available at: http://scholars.fhsu.edu/alj/vol9/iss4/13