Academic Leadership Journal


Although teacher morale may be defined in multiple ways, most definitions include two themes: teachers have personal needs and the (Bentley R R Remple A M 1970 Manual for the Purdue teacher opinionaire)perceived realization of these needs within the organization often impacts their state of mind and performance. According to Webster’s Dictionary (2010), morale is a person’s mental state that is exhibited by assurance, control, and motivation to perform a task. Bentley and Rempel (1970) defined teacher morale as the degree to which the needs of a person are satisfied, and the person’s perception of how the job situation brought the state of satisfaction of the worker to fruition. As cited in the Administrator’s Handbook for Improving Faculty Morale (Andrews, 1985), Smith defines morale as a confident state of mind that progressively looks to achieve an essential and shared function.



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