Academic Leadership Journal


The recent introduction of “basic education” and Education for All “is not entirely new in the history of education in Nigeria. Several attempts at providing basic education for Nigerians have been made in the past. These attempts can be summarized as follows: The defunct Western Region free primary education programme of 1955. The defunct Eastern Region Education of 1957. The federal Government National Universal Primary Education of 1976. Over the years, universal access to education has been the prime target for Nigeria, since the middle of the 1970s when the universal primary Education (UPE) scheme took off. Predictably, pupils’ enrolment rapidly increased from 6.2 million in the 1975 1976 session to 14.8 million in 1992. As usual, the burst of educational activities brought in its wake a plethora of changes, some positive, some negative. The overwhelming unanticipated results of this sudden educational expansion brought about a profound shortage of learning facilities including space, a severe dearth of teachers and funds to implement the scheme. These problems still persist in our schools today, especially at the primary school level (FGN, 1993, NPEC/ World Bank 1997 & Adeyemi 2007).