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Academic Leadership Journal

Abstract

As a result of the growing international concern about child labour, child work and the effects on the welfare and future of these children, the practices are now being questioned in Nigeria. The recent perception of child labour and child work as a problem stems from the belief, and finding on investigations that involvement of children in economic activities outside the home is injurious to the children’s intellectual and physical growth. According to Oloko (1996) working is believed to expose children to physical danger, sexual abuse and other forms of harassment. It is also believed that work prevents children from doing well in school with the resultant risk of condemning them to low wage income in the future (Falayajo, Makoju, Okebukola, Onuga & Olubodun, 1997 and Ray, 2000). An International Labour Organisation (ILO) study quoted by Beguile and Boyden (1988) even went further to suggest that child labour may contribute to adult unemployment. This may be so since children could become substitute workers at cheaper wage rates.

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