Academic Leadership Journal


Science and engineering fields are important to a nation’s economy, especially in the areas of innovation and technology development (Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, 2007). The demand for scientists and engineers is increasing globally, making it more difficult for organizations to attract and retain qualified professionals in these fields as schools and industries compete on a global level for top talent (Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, 2005). It is not surprising, then, that academia and industry are increasing their focus on the science and engineering workforce. Indeed, a recent National Academies report stated that “identifying the best, brightest, and the most innovative science and engineering talent will be crucial” to maintaining a competitive advantage (Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering, 2006, p. 1-1). Foreign-born workers comprise